Documenting Historical Facts: Tibetan Independence

On 13th February 2021, Tibetans in diasporas commemorated the 108th anniversary of the Proclamation of the Tibetan Independence by the Great Thirteenth Dalai Lama of Tibet, on 13th February 1913.

In Tibet’s history, foreign powers invaded this Buddhist landlocked country from time to time. The previous 13th Dalai Lama had to flee Tibet and went into exile, to India in 1910 and stayed there for over two years. After the Manchu dynasty collapsed in the course of the Chinese revolution and, with the remaining Chinese representatives expelled from Tibet, the 13th Dalai Lama declared Tibetan independence.

For nearly forty years afterward, Tibetans enjoyed self-rule – only for it to come to an end in 1949, after Mao Tsetung, the founder of the Chinese Communist Party, declared the “peaceful liberation” of Tibet from foreign imperialists. In March 1959, the current 14th Dalai Lama fled Tibet and went into exile to India after Communist China invaded Tibet.

To discuss the historical development of China’s colonisation of Tibet and the Proclamation of Tibetan Independence by the 13th Dalai Lama, the Global Alliance for Tibet & Persecuted Minorities (GATPM) were delighted to conduct an interview with a British scholar – Mr. Burzine Waghmar from the School of Oriental & African Studies (SOAS), University of London.

This online discussion was conducted by Tsering Passang of the Global Alliance for Tibet & Persecuted Minorities (GATPM) on 21 February 2021.

Why Tibetans Commemorate the 108th Anniversary of the Proclamation of Tibet’s Independence?

In his Proclamation of the Tibetan Independence, on 13th February 1913, the Thirteenth Dalai Lama, declared: “Tibet is a country with rich natural resources; but it is not scientifically advanced like other lands. We are a small, religious, and independent nation. To keep up with the rest of the world, we must defend our country. In view of past invasions by foreigners, our people may have to face certain difficulties, which they must disregard. To safeguard and maintain the independence of our country, one and all should voluntarily work hard. Our subject citizens residing near the borders should be alert and keep the government informed by special messenger of any suspicious developments. Our subjects must not create major clashes between two nations because of minor incidents.”

The proclamation was made after the Great Thirteenth Dalai Lama returned to Tibet from exile in India, in January 1913. At the time of the Dalai Lama’s return to his landlocked Tibetan Kingdom, the Manchu dynasty had been dissolved in the course of the Chinese revolution. For nearly forty years afterwards, Tibetans enjoyed self-rule – only for it to come to an end in 1949, after Mao Tsetung declared “peaceful liberation” of Tibet from foreign imperialists.

For Tibetans, Mao’s declaration was not only a brutal attack on Buddhist religion and the Tibetan culture but an illegal occupation of their peaceful nation by Communist China. The Tibetan people have a proud history of independence with the successive Dalai Lamas enjoying spiritual patronage over Mongols and Chinese emperors.

Just as it did more than a thousand years go, today, a doring (pillar) stands outside the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet’s capital city. On its stone sides the Tibet-China Treaty of 821-822 AD is carved, signifying the legacy of a free and independent Tibet.

“Tibetans shall be happy in the land of Tibet, and Chinese shall be happy in the land of China,” reads a key text in the treaty, clearly describing the borders between Tibet and China.

Tibetan blogger – Ugyen Gyalpo

A New York-based Tibetan blogger, Ugyen Gyalpo, on his social media posting, “It’s such a paradox to say Happy Independence Day when our country is still under colonization. But what is not paradoxical is when we don’t take ownership of our historical past which is the basis of our fight. We must own our past and not suppressed it. We have compromised enough.

“We celebrate 4th of July like it is our own. We celebrate 15th of August like it is our own. We celebrate Canada Day, like it is our own. But we are hesitant to celebrate and reclaim our historical proclamation of independence on this day in 1913 by the 13th Dalai Lama. Are we living and embracing the world of alternate distorted facts. The only thing that separate our fight with China is the truth and if we are trying to be politically correct by denouncing anything to do with Independence, we are stabbing yourselves to death,” Gyalpo added.

Tibetan rangzen (Independence) activist and writer, Tenzin Tsundue in India launched his month-long Peace March from Dharamsala to Delhi on the Losar, Tibetan New Year – 12th February.

On the eve of one-man’s 500 kilometres Peace March, Tsundue posted on his social media, “I am going on a March from tomorrow, Dharamshala to Delhi to highlight the issue of Tibet as a missing link in the India-China conflicts.”

Tibetan independence activist and writer – Tenzin Tsundue

Tsundue’s mission is clear: “To fully appreciate the complexities of the Sino-Indian border conflict, the people of India must understand the issue of Tibet. The Indian government and its people must understand very clearly that India’s border will be permanently secure only when the Tibetan issue has been resolved”.

Tsundue will be asking the people he meets on the road “to sign an online petition asking the Government of India to repeal its One-China policy”. He also hopes that his “campaign will converge with a global campaign asking governments to repeal their One-China Policy.”

Tsering Passang, Convener at The Global Alliance for Tibet & Persecuted Minorities (GATPM), who after recently taking part in the weekly vigil outside the Chinese Embassy, on 10th February, to mark the 108th anniversary of the Proclamation of the Tibetan Independence by the 13th Dalai Lama, said, “China must relinquish its grip on Tibet and allow Tibetans to exercise their basic rights including their freedom of speech. Tibetans have the rights to self-determination for Tibet, and China being a Permanent Member of the United Nations, it must upheld the founding principle of the world’s body that affect the Tibetan people.”

Tsering Passang, outside the Chinese Embassy on 10th February 2021 with Tibetan protester “Ignyen”

For those who haven’t read the Proclamation of Independence Issued by the Great 13th Dalai Lama, please see below:


Translation of the Tibetan Text

“I, the Dalai Lama, most omniscient possessor of the Buddhist faith, whose title was conferred by the Lord Buddha’s command from the glorious land of India, speak to you as follows:

I am speaking to all classes of Tibetan people. Lord Buddha, from the glorious country of India, prophesied that the reincarnations of Avalokitesvara, through successive rulers from the early religious kings to the present day, would look after the welfare of Tibet.

During the time of Genghis Khan and Altan Khan of the Mongols, the Ming dynasty of the Chinese, and the Ch’ing Dynasty of the Manchus, Tibet and China cooperated on the basis of benefactor and priest relationship. A few years ago, the Chinese authorities in Szechuan and Yunnan endeavored to colonize our territory. They brought large numbers of troops into central Tibet on the pretext of policing the trade marts. I, therefore, left Lhasa with my ministers for the Indo-Tibetan border, hoping to clarify to the Manchu emperor by wire that the existing relationship between Tibet and China had been that of patron and priest and had not been based on the subordination of one to the other. There was no other choice for me but to cross the border, because Chinese troops were following with the intention of taking me alive or dead.

On my arrival in India, I dispatched several telegrams to the Emperor; but his reply to my demands was delayed by corrupt officials at Peking. Meanwhile, the Manchu empire collapsed. The Tibetans were encouraged to expel the Chinese from central Tibet. I, too, returned safely to my rightful and sacred country, and I am now in the course of driving out the remnants of Chinese troops from DoKham in Eastern Tibet. Now, the Chinese intention of colonizing Tibet under the patron-priest relationship has faded like a rainbow in the sky. Having once again achieved for ourselves a period of happiness and peace, I have now allotted to all of you the following duties to be carried out without negligence:

  1. Peace and happiness in this world can only be maintained by preserving the faith of Buddhism. It is, therefore, essential to preserve all Buddhist institutions in Tibet, such as the Jokhang temple and Ramoche in Lhasa, Samye, and Traduk in southern Tibet, and the three great monasteries, etc.
  2. The various Buddhist sects in Tibet should be kept in a distinct and pure form. Buddhism should be taught, learned, and meditated upon properly. Except for special persons, the administrators of monasteries are forbidden to trade, loan money, deal in any kind of livestock, and/or subjugate another’s subjects.
  3. The Tibetan government’s civil and military officials, when collecting taxes or dealing with their subject citizens, should carry out their duties with fair and honest judgment so as to benefit the government without hurting the interests of the subject citizens. Some of the central government officials posted at Ngari Korsum in western Tibet, and Do Kham in eastern Tibet, are coercing their subject citizens to purchase commercial goods at high prices and have imposed transportation rights exceeding the limit permitted by the government. Houses, properties and lands belonging to subject citizens have been confiscated on the pretext of minor breaches of the law. Furthermore, the amputation of citizens’ limbs has been carried out as a form of punishment. Henceforth, such severe punishments are forbidden.
  4. Tibet is a country with rich natural resources; but it is not scientifically advanced like other lands. We are a small, religious, and independent nation. To keep up with the rest of the world, we must defend our country. In view of past invasions by foreigners, our people may have to face certain difficulties, which they must disregard. To safeguard and maintain the independence of our country, one and all should voluntarily work hard. Our subject citizens residing near the borders should be alert and keep the government informed by special messenger of any suspicious developments. Our subjects must not create major clashes between two nations because of minor incidents.
  5. Tibet, although thinly populated, is an extensive country. Some local officials and landholders are jealously obstructing other people from developing vacant lands, even though they are not doing so themselves. People with such intentions are enemies of the State and our progress. From now on, no one is allowed to obstruct anyone else from cultivating whatever vacant lands are available. Land taxes will not be collected until three years have passed; after that the land cultivator will have to pay taxes to the government and to the landlord every year, proportionate to the rent. The land will belong to the cultivator.

Your duties to the government and to the people will have been achieved when you have executed all that I have said here. This letter must be posted and proclaimed in every district of Tibet, and a copy kept in the records of the offices in every district.

From the Potala Palace.

(Seal of the Dalai Lama)”

Source (and further reading): Tibet: A Political History, Tsepon W.D. Shagapda, New Haven, 1967, pp. 246-248.


Thank you – Tibetans in the UK and Europe

From Tsering Passang

Sunday, 10 January 2021 | London

2021 Preliminary Election Results of the Tibetan Parliament in Exile

‘Mang-tso’ or democracy is one of the major gifts to the Tibetan people by His Holiness the Great 14th Dalai Lama. Tibetans in exile have been enjoying democracy whilst experimenting with this new concept over the past 60 years. We still have a lot of good learning to do in the years ahead, in my view.

As per the Charter of the Tibetans in Exile, there are currently 45 parliamentary seats for grabs – 40 in India/Nepal, 2 in Europe & Africa, 2 in North and South Americas, and 1 in the Australasia regions. The Tibetan parliamentary elections are held every five years.

On 2nd and 3rd January, the preliminary round of the parliamentary election was conducted in the UK despite the difficult circumstances due to the COVID-19 restrictions. A week later, on 9th January, the Regional Election Sub-Commission for Northern Europe announced the latest election results – votes cast by Tibetans in the UK, Ireland, and Sweden.

This latest announcement from the Regional Election Sub-Commission for Northern Europe clearly shows that I have secured the highest votes amongst the parliamentary candidates for Europe & Africa constituency. I am deeply humbled and thankful for placing me into the highest pedestal in my home country. Regrettably, these votes are not adequate for me to be in the next and final round in April.

In Europe, the vote banks are based in countries such as Switzerland, France, Belgium, and Holland where the Tibetan populations are much higher than in the UK. So, in short, I will not be going into the final round.

During these past six weeks, I have come across some amazing people, whom I had not previously met, supporting my 2021 Chithu election campaign based on my service records, potentials, and for being issue-oriented. Many of these individuals include former and current responsible Tibetan community leaders, professionals, and Tibetans from Tibet who are residing in various European countries, the US, Canada, India, Nepal, and Australia. And of course, there are my core supporters here in the UK. I will cherish their genuine support, trust and honest conversations for our shared interest in Tibet and the Tibetan people’s just cause.

I wish to take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation and thanks to all those who have supported me with their votes and encouragement in the preliminary round. I also would like to extend my warmest congratulations and best wishes to all the candidates including those who will be going into the final round.

As a concerned Tibetan, I will continue to work for Tibet and the Tibetan cause, which I have been doing over the past two decades. For me, it’s a great honour to take part in the 2021 Tibetan parliamentary election to represent the Tibetan communities in Europe & Africa and more importantly, to be a voice for the Tibetans inside Tibet. I am also immensely proud to have engaged in a positive and clean election campaign.

To conclude, our country, Tibet, is still under illegal occupation by a foreign country – China. Fellow Tibetans, we must all unite and direct our energy, resources, and efforts to challenge the Chinese regime to restore freedoms and justice in Tibet. Bhod Gyalo!

VOK Interview with Tsering Passang, 2021 Europe & Africa Chithu Candidate

བོད་མི་མང་སྤྱི་འཐུས་སྐབས་ ༡༧ པའི་ཡོད་རོབ་ཁུར་གྱི་སྤྱི་འཐུས་འོས་མི་ཚེ་རིང་པ་སངས་མཆོགས་ལ་འདི་གའི་༼ མཁར་ནང་གི་སྐད་སྒྲ་༽ ནས་དམིགས་གསར་བཅར་འདྲི་བྱས་པའི་ལེ་ཚན།


Interview with new Australasia and EU candidates for the 2021 Tibetan Parliament in Exile

This is part of an interview series with new candidates of the 2021 Tibetan Parliament in Exile (17th TPiE). Interview with new Australasia and EU candidates for the 2021 Tibetan Parliament in Exile.

Host: Choekyi Lhamo

Editing: Tenzin Namdol

Producer: Tenzin Dharpo


Kasur Gyari Dolma Interacts with Europe/Australasia Chithue Aspirants

Kasur Gyari Dolma la made it a point to virtually meet and interact with the Chithue aspirants from Europe and Australasia as she did with those from North America to overcome the communication challenges posed by the COVID-19 related travel restrictions.


Europe & African Chithu: Roles & Its Significance

The Europe continent has over 44 countries. This rich continent is currently home to at least 14 Tibetan Communities with 30,000 Tibetans (rough estimation).

Five foreign missions of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) are based in Europe – Brussels, Geneva, London, Moscow and Paris.

The Africa continent has over 50 countries and currently home to one foreign CTA mission, based in South Africa. China has huge/active economic and trade interests as well as diplomatic/political engagements in these two continents. Naturally, China’s engagements in these two continents have impacts on the China-Tibet Conflict which is yet to be resolved. So, what are the roles of Europe and Africa Chithu? How significant is this platform to advance the Tibetan cause?

Tsering Passang, 2021 Europe Chithu Candidate from London will speak live on these vital issues via his social media platform. He will also welcome comments and answer any questions from the public.

Please tune in!Sunday 6th December 2020Time: 7pm UK | 8pm Europe

London-based 2021 Europe Chithu candidate releases his “Key Priorities”

A week after his initial announcement to run for the Europe seats in the forthcoming Tibetan parliamentary elections of 2021, Tsering Passang spoke on his four “Key Priorities”. Reiterating his intention to stand in the forthcoming elections, the London-based Tibetan parliamentarian candidate used his social media platform to reach out to Tibetans living in Europe and Africa.

Tsering said that as elected Chithu, in addition to his legislative responsibilities in the Tibetan Parliament, he would focus on the following key priorities:

  1. Leading, coordinating and strengthening political campaigning and advocacy work on Tibet in Europe and beyond.
  2. Supporting dialogue with the Chinese leadership towards finding a lasting political resolution of the China-Tibet issue.
  3. Strengthening Tibetan Communities in Europe.
  4. Ensuring the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) delivers its vital public services to the Tibetan Communities in India, Nepal and Bhutan.

The London-based aspiring Tibetan parliamentarian shared his ideas on Tibet advocacy, cultural preservation, and strengthening unity amongst the Tibetan communities in Europe through a range of events such as annual lobby days, political rallies, Eurovision style Tibetan festivals, Europe Chithu channel, etc.

Tsering also explained how he intended to achieve his priorities during the five-year term in office:

  1. In Europe and Africa, I will work towards strengthening relations with key stakeholders including parliamentarians, government officials, support groups, Buddhist centres, human rights advocates, Chinese dissidents, Tibetan communities, and Offices of Tibet.  I will pursue new alliances and opportunities for the Tibet issue and the Central Tibetan Administration.
  2. I will maintain cordial relations with all the key Departments and Offices of the Central Tibetan Administration and find ways to help our communities in the Indian subcontinent and beyond.
  3. I will make every effort to pay visits, listen to and interact with Tibetan communities in Europe and Africa and to learn about their views, opinions and problems and their solutions during my term as a Chithu.
  4. I will release regular updates – both in written and video materials – so that I keep all concerned members informed.
  5. In addition to public meetings, I will also make myself available for individual meetings to discuss any issues or concerns and finding amicable solutions.

Tsering responded to questions from the public via his social medial channel on 26th November. So far, eight candidates had declared their candidacies for the two seats (allocated for Tibetans in Europe) in the Tibetan Parliament-in-exile, based in Dharamsala, northern India. Exiled Tibetans go to the primary elections of Sikyong (President) and Chithu (parliamentarians) on 3rd January 2021.

(Tibetan Translation as below):



༡ བོད་ཀྱི་ཆབ་སྲིད་ལས་དོན་གྱི་ཐོག་ཡོ་རོབ་དང་ས་ཕྱོགས་གང་སར་བདེན་པའི་ཞུ་གཏུགས་ཀྱི་ལས་འགུལ་ཤུགས་ཆེ་རུ་སྤེལ་རྒྱུ།

༢ བོད་རྒྱའི་འབྲེལ་ལམ་དང་ཞི་མོལ་གྱི་ལས་དོན་ཐད་རང་ནུས་གང་ལྕོགས་ཀྱིས་རྒྱབ་སྐྱོར་ཞུ་རྒྱུ།

༣ ཡོ་རོབ་ནང་གི་བོད་རིགས་ཚོགས་པ་ཁག་ལ་གང་འོས་ཀྱི་རྒྱབ་སྐྱོར་ཅི་ནུས་ཞུ་རྒྱུ།

༤ རྒྱ་བལ་འབྲུག་གསུམ་ནང་ཡོད་པའི་བོད་མིའི་སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ཀྱི་ཁྱབ་ཁོངས་བོད་མི་ཡོངས་ལ་དགོས་ངེས་ཀྱི་རོགས་རམ་ དུས་ཐོག་ཐུབ་པ་ཞུ་རྒྱུ།


༡ ཡོ་རོབ་དང་ཨ་ཕི་རི་ཀའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་སོ་སོའི་འབྲེལ་ཡོད་མི་སྣ་དང་། གྲོས་ཚོགས་ཁག བོད་དོན་རྒྱབ་སྐྱོར་ཚོགས་པ་ཁག བོད་བརྒྱུད་ནང་བསྟན་ཆོས་ཚོགས་ཁག འགྲོ་བ་མིའི་ཐོབ་ཐང་རྩོད་མཁན་གྱི་ཚོགས་པ་ཁག བོད་རིགས་ཚོགས་པ་ཁག དོན་གཅོད་ལས་ཁང་། དེ་བཞིན་དུ་རྒྱ་ནག་དམར་པོའི་གཞུང་དང་ལངས་ཕྱོགས་མི་མཐུན་པའི་རྒྱ་ནག་གི་ཕྱོགས་འགལ་ཚོགས་པ་ཁག་ བཅས་ལ་འབྲེལ་བ་ཟབ་ཏུ་བཏང་ནས་གོ་སྐབས་དམ་འཛིན་གྱིས་དབུས་བོད་མིའི་སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ཀྱི་ དམིགས་ཡུལ་ཐོག་ཤུགས་སྣོན་ཐེབས་ཐབས་ཞུ་རྒྱུ།

༢ དབུས་བོད་མིའི་སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ཀྱི་ལས་ཁུངས་མ་ལག་དང་བཅས་པར་འབྲེལ་བ་དམ་ཟབ་ཀྱིས་རྒྱ་གར་དང་། ཕྱི་རྒྱལ་གླིང་ཕྲན་ ཁག་བཅས་ན་ཡོད་པའི་བོད་པ་དང་བོད་རིགས་ཚོགས་པ་ཁག་ལ་དགོས་ངེས་ཀྱི་རོགས་རམ་དུས་ཐོག་སྨིན་ཐབས་ཞུ་རྒྱུ།

༣ རང་ནུས་གང་ལྕོགས་ཀྱིས་ཡོ་རོབ་དང་ཨ་ཕི་རི་ཀའི་ནང་ཡོད་པའི་བོད་རིགས་ཚོགས་པ་ཁག་ལ་ངོ་བཅར་གྱིས་ས་གནས་ མི་མང་གི་བསམ་ཚུལ་དང་། དཀའ་ངལ་སོགས་ལ་གཟབ་ཉན་གྱིས་སྐབས་འཕྲལ་གྱི་དཀའ་ངལ་གང་ཡོད་སེལ་ཐབས་ཞུ་རྒྱུ།

༤ ལས་རྒྱུན་རིང་དུས་བཅད་ཀྱིས་མི་དམངས་ཀྱི་མཁྱེན་རྟོགས་སླད་བསྒྲུབས་ཟིན་པའི་ལས་ཀའི་སྙན་ཐོ་དང་། བསྒྲུབ་རྒྱུའི་ ལས་འཆར་རྣམས་ཡིག་ལམ་དང་ བརྙན་ཐུང་དྲྭ་རྒྱའི་ལམ་ནས་སྤེལ་རྒྱུ།

༥ ལས་འགན་གནད་སྨིན་ཡོང་ཆེད་དམིགས་གསལ་ཡོ་རོབ་སྤྱི་འཐུས་ཁྱབ་ཁོངས་སུ་གཏོགས་པའི་མི་སྒེར་སོ་སོའི་ དཀའ་ངལ་དང་། བསམ་ཚུལ་ལ་ཉན་རྒྱུའི་དུས་ཚོད་ཆེད་འབུལ་གྱིས་སྐབས་བབས་ལས་དོན་ལ་གྲུབ་འབྲས་ཐོབ་པའི་ཐབས་ལམ་འཚོལ་རྒྱུ།

Former Chairman of Tibetan Community UK and incumbent Tibet Foundation Director declares his candidacy for Tibetan Parliament

(London, UK | 20th November 2020)

Tsering Passang is the latest candidate to announce his decision to run for the Europe seat in the forthcoming Tibetan parliamentary elections of 2021. He is passionate about Tibet and the Tibetan issue. Tsering believes that his long commitment to the Tibetan cause and extensive experience in the field makes him a suitable candidate to advance the Tibetan cause both within the Tibetan Parliament in Exile and beyond, including in Europe. The announcement was made online this morning via his social media channel.

Tsering said: “Tibet continues to remain under the illegal occupation of Communist China. The current shift in global attitudes towards China presents a unique opportunity to promote stronger advocacy work on behalf of Tibet on the international forum. The current situation also presents a new opportunity for us Tibetans to strengthen and form new alliances with like-minded nations around the world.  I am therefore keen to use my initiative, experience and social networks and to work hard towards achieving the goals of advancing Tibet’s just cause by challenging Communist China.

“With nearly 20 years of experience as director, fundraiser, programme manager, special adviser, rights advocate, and public events and community organiser for a number of British Tibet-related, membership-based NGOs (charitable, political, advocacy and voluntary community organisations), I know what needs to be done for my community and for our freedom struggle. I am ready to take on a challenging and public leadership role in uniting our people to secure a greater impact for our peaceful freedom struggle and justice in Tibet.”

Running for the Tibetans in Europe’s Chithu seat, Tsering said: “I have shown time and again that, when given the opportunity to lead an organisation such as the Tibetan Community UK as the elected Chairman from 2014 to 2016, I can make a huge impact in a short period of time, whether through public mobilisation or fundraising initiatives. I have proven success  with other Tibet organisations such as the Tibet Foundation, the Tibet Society and Tibet Relief Fund, in securing substantial funds as well as undertaking new initiatives in support of Tibetans inside Tibet as well as for those in exile in the Indian subcontinent.”

Tsering’s latest initiative – the Global Alliance for Tibet & Persecuted Minorities (GATPM) – aims to highlight the plight of Tibetans and other persecuted peoples under China’s control. Within months of starting this new platform, Tsering has successfully organised numerous public and online events, and secured political support from British MPs through their parliamentary debates and public statements.

Apart from giving talks in public settings, including schools and universities, Tsering has addressed special forums on human rights and political issues in Geneva and with Chinese student groups at Oxford. In addition to organising many political, cultural and community events, Tsering continues to engage with the UN, and with British and European political figures and their governments on Tibet advocacy work.

Tsering was brought up in a Tibetan refugee camp in western Nepal, home to the Mustang-based Tibetan Resistance veterans.


Tsering Passang

Candidate, Chithue Election 2021 (Tibetan Parliament in Exile)


Twitter: @tsamtruk              




Name: Tsering Passang

Residence: London, UK

Present occupation: NGO Director (Former Chairman of Tibetan Community in Britain)


1998 – 2001: BSc (Hon) Information Technology, University of Salford, UK

Professional Service:

2019 –         : Director, Tibet Foundation

2017 – 2018: Special Adviser, Tibet Society

2007 – 2016: Sponsorship Programme Manager, Tibet Relief Fund

2001 – 2007: Art & Culture Programme Manager, Tibet Foundation

Community and Voluntary Service

2020 –         : Convenor, Global Alliance for Tibet & Persecuted Minorities (GATPM)

2018 – 2020: Adviser, Tibetan Community UK

2014 – 2016: Chairman, Tibetan Community UK

2014 – 2016: Chairman, Tibetan Refugee Charitable Trust

2014 – 2016: Trustee, Tibet House Trust

2014 – 2016: Council Member, Tibet Society

2014 – 2016: Board Member, Young Tibetan Education Club (Y-TEC)

2009 – 2010: General Secretary, Tibetan Community UK

2002 – 2006: Culture Secretary, Tibetan Community UK

སྐུ་ཞབས་ཚེ་རིང་པ་སངས་ལགས་ནི་བོད་མི་མང་སྤྱི་འཐུས་ལྷན་ཚོགས་སྐབས་༡༧ པའི་ཡུ་རོབ་ཀྱི་སྤྱི་འཐུས་སུ་བཞེངས་མཁན་གསར་ཤོས་དེ་ཡིན།

ཁོང་ནི་ལོ་ངོ་༢༤ རིང་དབྱིན་ཡུལ་དུ་གནས་སྡོད་བྱེད་མཁན་ཞིག་ཡིན་པ་དང་། བོད་མིའི་རྩ་དོན་དང་འབྲེལ་བའི་ལས་འགུལ་ བྱས་དང་བྱེད་བཞིན་ལ། རྒྱ ་བལ་འབྲུག་གསུམ་དང་། བོད་ནང་གི་བོད་མི་ཚོའི་དཔལ་འབྱོར་ཡར་རྒྱས་རོགས་རམ་ཚོགས་པའི་ དམིག་བསལ་གྱི་ངེས་སྟོན་པ་དང་། ལོ་མང་རིང་དབྱིན་ཡུལ་བོད་རིགས་ཚོགས་པའི་རྒྱུན་ལས་ཀྱི་ལས་འགན་སྤྱི་དང་། སྐབས་འགར་ཚོགས་གཙོ་དང་དྲུང་ཆེའི་ཞབས་ཞུ་ཡང་གནང་ཡོད། མདོར་ན། གཞུང་འབྲེལ་མ་ཡིན་པའི་ཡན་ལག་མང་དག་ཅིག་ནང་ལྷག་བསམ་བཟོད་མེད་ཐོག་བོད་མིའི་ངོ་ཚབ་མཚོན་བྱེད་དམ་བཅའ་གཏན་པོ་གནང་དང་གནང་བཞིན་པ་ཡིན།

གཞན་ཡང་བོད་དེ་བཞིན་རྒྱ་དམར་བཙན་གནོན་དང་སྡུག་རྩུབ་བསམ་ཡུལ་ལས་འགལ་བའི་དཀའ་ངལ་ལོ་རེ་བཞིན་ཇི་སྡུག་ཏུ་འགྲོ་བཞིན་པར་བརྟེན། ཁོང་གི་ལས་འཆར་དང་པོ་བོད་མིའི་ཐབ་རྩོད་འདི་བཞིན་འཛམ་གླིང་སྡིངས་ཆའི་ཐོག་གླེང་སློང་གང་མང་བྱེད་ཐབས་ བྱ་རྒྱུ་དང་། བོད་གཞིས་བྱིས་གཉིས་མཉམས་འཛོམས་ཡོང་ཐབས་སུ་འབད་བརྩོན་ཞུ་རྒྱུའི་དམ་བཅའ་གཏན་པོ་ཡོད།

ད་ལྟའི་དུས་མཚམས་འདིར་བཙན་འབྱོལ་བོད་མིའི་སྒྲིག་འཛུགས་ནང་མེད་དུ་མི་རུང་བ་ནི་བོད་མི་ནང་ཁུལ་ཆིག་སྒྲིལ་ཡར་རྒྱས་གཏོང་ཐབས་གལ་གནད་ཆེ་བར་སོང་། ཡར་རྒྱས་གོང་མཐོར་གཏོང་ཐབས་སུ་ཁོང་ནས་ལས་འགུལ་ཇི་འཆར་ཁག་མི་མང་རྣམས་འབྲེལ་གཏུགས་ཞུ་རྒྱུ་ཡིན།

བརྗོད་དོན་མཐའ་མར།  ཁོང་གྱི་ལོ་རྒྱུ་དང་བོད་མི་རིགས་ལ་བཅངས་པའི་སེམས་ཤུགས་ཀྱིས་འདས་པའི་བྱས་རྗེས་རྣམས་ཞིབ་ཅིང་ཕྲ་བ་རྣམས་ཇི་བཞིན་གཟིགས་འདོད་ཡོད་མཁན་རྣམས་ཀྱིས་དབྱིན་ཡིག་ནང་གཟིགས་གནང་བའི་ཐུགས་མངའ་ཞུ།